Health & Exercise implications of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure increases your chance (or risk) for getting heart disease and/or kidney disease, and for having a stroke. It is especially dangerous because it often has no warning signs or symptoms. Regardless of race, age, or gender, anyone can develop high blood pressure. It is estimated that one in every four Australian adults has high blood pressure. Once high blood pressure develops, it usually lasts a lifetime. You can prevent and control high blood pressure by taking action eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly. The only way to find out if your blood pressure is high is by having it checked regularly by your doctor.

The following factors increase the risks of serious problems associated with high blood pressure:

  • Smoking
  • Having high blood cholesterol
  • Being overweight
  • Having diabetes
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    Higher levels of blood pressure (BP) are strongly associated with increasing rates of cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular events and death.  Observational studies show that the lower the BP, the lower the risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD), heart failure and death. This relationship applies across whole range of BP levels usually encountered in clinical practice. Systolic BP is a stronger and more consistent predictor of cardiovascular events such as stroke than diastolic BP. Among patients with hypertension, lowering BP reduces cardiovascular risk.

    When starting a new exercise program for someone that does have high blood pressure but has been given medical clearance by their doctor, some specific types of exercises should be avoided. These include body presses and lifting heavy weights. If you make any significant changes in your level of physical activity, particularly if those changes could make large and sudden demands on your circulatory system, the risk of the client feeling unwell, dizzy, nauseous or even severe health implications are very possible.